Any brain injury that is not congenital, degenerative, or hereditary is acquired. It can be due to accidents, hemorrhage, cardiac arrest, vascular obstruction, or many other reasons. Once a person suffers an acquired brain injury, it may have both physical and mental repercussions such as full or partial paralysis, muscle coordination problems, frequent headaches, memory problems, communication issues, and several other problems. The most rapid recovery time of acquired brain injury varies from 18 months to two years depending on the severity of the injury.
There are courses that help people with these kinds of brain or nervous system damage issues, such as this one. You can read further on in this article too.
Acquired brain injury rehabilitation
Acquired brain injury rehabilitation involves several programs, such as transitional living, behavior management, subacute rehabilitation, independent living, day-treatment, acute rehabilitation, and long-term rehabilitation. The primary objective of these programs is to bring the patient back to his/her highest possible functioning level while improving their social, emotional, and physical life. Every brain injury is different, and that is why the speed of recovery also varies. Professionals involved in acquired brain injury rehabilitation need to understand the condition of the patient before starting their treatment.
What Acquired brain injury rehabilitation programs include
Treating a patient with a brain injury takes sufficient time. You cannot expect the patient to walk from the first day of rehabilitation. That is why acquired brain injury rehabilitation has several stages, starting with self-care skills. This includes grooming, feeding, dressing, sexual functioning, and going to the toilet. It moves on to physical care, where the patient understands the importance of skincare, medication, and nutritional needs.
After this, comes one of the most crucial stages where mobility skills are introduced. He/she will learn to walk and move around in a self-propelling wheelchair. Many experts try to make the patient walk, and if there is progress, they try to take him/her outside for hill climbing and outdoor activities that their body will support. Apart from mobility skills, they also focus on communication and cognitive skills where the patient learns to concentrate, improve his/her organizational skills, write, speak, solve problems everything that he/she needs to do to survive after recovering.
While these rehabilitation programs are ongoing, the expert will also deal with pain management. Since the patient is yet to recover fully, it is essential to understand the combination of medication that will suit them. The respective doctors will help in this matter. It is after the patient can walk, talk, and understand that he/she will receive vocational training that will help them to join work after full recovery.